This act authorized our nation’s earliest significant annexations of lands beyond the continent. Get this from a library! 8 §§ 1411-1419) is a United States federal law passed by the U.S. Congress that enables citizens of the United States to take possession, in the name of the United States, of unclaimed islands containing guano deposits. Cushman shows compellingly how an unlikely commodity - guano - helped create the modern Pacific world and usher in the Anthropocene. The Guano Islands Act (11 Stat. 119, enacted August 18, 1856, codified at 48 U.S.C. In Peru, guano remained an important source of nitrogen for Peruvian agriculture until the mid 20th century and the British went on to exploit numerous other guano and phosphate rich islands throughout the Pacific Ocean in the decades that followed. Guano and the opening of the Pacific world : a global ecological history. The guano islands, islets and capes cover almost the entire length of the Peruvian coast, from 6 ° to 17 ° S, and are all within the province with warm temperature of the Southeast Pacific, which extends from the north of Peru from 6 ° S to the center of Chile, with cold water between 18-19ºC. The guano trade began on three tiny Peruvian islands in the Pacific, and their product reached farmers’ fields around the world. Guano Island Guano Birds 5. ch. Guano Island Act Discover why the U.S.A. enacted a law called the Guano Island Act to annex islands around the world that contain bird droppings. [Gregory T Cushman] -- "For centuries, bird guano has played a pivotal role in the agricultural and economic development of Latin America, East Asia, and Oceania. The resulting Guano Islands Act stated that any guano islands unclaimed or unoccupied by others could be claimed and mined, and the guano delivered to the United States at a low price for the benefit of its citizens. As their … During the 19th century Guano boom, the vast majority of seabird guano was harvested from Peruvian guano … ‘Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World is a bold and original contribution to global environmental history. The Great Heap, 1865 From Alexander Gardner, … In November 1802, Alexander von Humboldt was the first European to encounter Guano and began investigating its fertilizing properties at Callao in Peru. In the Pacific Islands context, Cushman focuses on the rich guano deposits found on Banaba, Nauru, and Easter Island (as well as many smaller islands in the region) in relation to labor migration, colonialism and disease. US CODE: Title 48,CHAPTER 8—GUANO ISLANDS Text of Guano Islands Act; The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific Source of photo above of bunker on beach at Midway Island.

guano island pacific

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