The interaction between the sun and the Earth is what gives us our weather, climate, ocean currents, seasons, radiation belts, and aurorae. 2) Its surface is home to mountains, huge craters and flat planes called ‘seas’ made of hardened lava. It will eventually run out of energy and begin to die.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'planetsforkids_org-box-4','ezslot_9',187,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'planetsforkids_org-box-4','ezslot_10',187,'0','1'])); When that happens it will enlarge to a size that is so big that it will engulf Mercury, Venue, and probably Earth as well. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'planetsforkids_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_5',601,'0','0'])); There are also dwarf planets such as Pluto, dozens of moons and millions of asteroids, comets and meteoroids of all shapes and sizes.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'planetsforkids_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',198,'0','0'])); Our sun is a hot ball of gases that is the very center of our solar system. A majority of the material was pulled into the center to form the sun and its mass accounts for 99.8% of the mass of our entire solar system. Our solar system began around 4.5 billion years ago as a huge cloud of gas and dust called a solar nebula. The surface consists of very large and very wide cells of gas. The Sun Facts for Kids The Sun is the heart of our solar system and its gravity is what keeps every planet and particle in orbit. Since the sun rotates, the stream of particles blows out in a spiral that is called the “Parker Spiral.” When these electrical particles slam into planets and other celestial objects it can cause damage unless stopped or veered off by atmosphere, magnetic fields, or both. Our sun will continue to shine for around 130 million more years and then it will stop burning its hydrogen and begin to burn helium. All other stars are made up of gases, and the sun is no different. The sun has temperatures inside that can reach 15 million degrees C. The distance between the Earth and the Sun is an Astronomical Unit (AU) Like other stars, our sun is basically a large ball of gas that is 91% hydrogen and 8.9% helium. Key Facts & Information THE SUN. The gravity of the sun is what keeps all of the planets, moons, and bodies within our system together. The sun is the real star of the show—literally! Stars are huge balls of Hydrogen and Helium that are formed in galaxies from great big clouds of gas and dust over billions…, Do you want to know how stars are born? The sun generates a magnetic field of electric currents that radiates throughout the solar system. See the fact file below for more information on the layers of the Sun or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Layers of the Sun worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. The ancient Romans took much of their culture from the Greek and as their empires progressed they worshipped a number of sun gods. HOT!! The sun started to form and take shape at the time the solar system was also forming. Thankfully, we’ve shed some light on the subject that hopefully piqued your interest. You will know from reading up … When this alteration occurs the corona and the chromosphere change from being calm and somewhat quiet to activity that is violent. Though massive, the Sun still isn’t as large as other types of stars. Our sun gives us warmth and energy that other organisms such as plants can use to create their food. In the sun’s core the hydrogen atoms fuse to create helium. When talking about stars, it’s important to remember that the larger the star, the shorter its life will be. A process called nuclear fusion converts hydrogen to helium deep in the sun’s core, where temperatures hit a balmy 18 million degrees Fahrenheit (15.7 million degrees Celsius). The largest undertaking for exploration of the sun is the NASA Parker Solar Probe. Believe it or not, the sun actually has a surface, however its very different to the surface of the Earth, and not a surface that we will ever get near or set foot on, but a surface all the same. Pretty cool right! First off, there are sunspots on the sun. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'planetsforkids_org-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_11',192,'0','0'])); It’s the energy that is created at the core that acts as the engine that powers the sun and makes all of the light and heat that is emitted from the sun. Light from the center of the galaxy takes many thousands of years to reach Earth. The classification of a star isn’t based on size but instead it relates to the surface temperature. This solar nebula rotated and created a gravity that was so intense that it collapsed. © 2020 The Universe for Kids, All rights reserved. Our sun is the “star” of our solar system and as such, some worshipped it as a god. The Sun is composed of hydrogen (70%) and Helium (28%). Well here goes. You may have already begun to shop for gifts for your children and family for Christmas with the urging of colorful advertisements. The magnetic field of the sun is incredibly powerful and can create magnetic storms and solar flares that interfere with our satellites and electronic equipment on Earth. The Sun’s surface area is 11,990 times that of the Earth’s. Energy that is being created in the sun takes millions of years to travel from the core inside and make its way to the surface of the sun. Space is a big place with a lot to explore. The gases that make up the sun are Hydrogen and Helium, but mostly Hydrogen. Our sun is made up of ¾ hydrogen and the rest is mostly helium. Worksheets, For further reading and more info on the sun visit, Your email address will not be published. A source of abundant energy, the Sun is the reason for life on our planet and a source of abundant energy. In 2019 it successfully completed a second close approach to the sun, called the “perihelion,” passing within 15 million miles and traveling at 213,200 mph. Our sun has a diameter of 864,340 mi/1.39 million km, and that’s 110 times the diameter of the Earth.

sun information for students

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