Fenzi says that seeds, cuttings and air-layers are employed, and Sturrock has mentioned that grafting is easy. Eugenia brasiliensis, with common names Brazil cherry and grumichama, or the Brazilian cherry is medium-sized tree (maximum 20 meters height) endemic (native) to southern Brazil which bears small fruits that are purple to black in color, and have a sweet cherry to plum-like flavor.. The skin is thin, firm and exudes dark-red juice. In Hawaii, the tree fruits best from sea-level to an altitude of no more than 300 ft (90 m). Trees in Brazil vary considerably in time of flowering and fruiting so that the overall season extends from November to February. It is reported to prefer deep, fertile, sandy loam. Synonyms: Eugenia dombeyi, Myrtus dombeyi, Stenocalyx brasiliensis. In Hawaii, the fruits are heavily attacked by the Mediterranean fruit fly. In Hawaii, the tree fruits best from sea-level to an altitude of no more than 300 ft (90 m). It has long since vanished from both of these locations. It's a small size tree which makes it perfect to use in urban landscaping. #54797). Other plantings were made in California where it seemed even better adapted but has apparently disappeared. Wilson Popenoe stated that propagation in Brazil is entirely by seeds which remain viable for several weeks and germinate in about a month. The grumichama is native and wild in coastal southern Brazil, especially in the states of Parana and Santa Catarina. It is better suited to Palm Beach than to southern Florida. The grumichama does better on acid sand in Central Florida than it does on limestone in the south. It is cultivated in and around Rio de Janeiro, also in Paraguay. Neither did a trial in Israel. Family: Myrtaceae. Grumichama Tree in a 3 Gallon Container. in Hawaii, half-ripe fruits are made into pie, jam or jelly. Introduction. It is not as common as the red-fleshed type. They persist for 2 years. The flowers, borne singly in the leaf axils, are 1 in (2.5 cm) wide; have 4 green sepals and 4 white petals, and about 100 white stamens with pale-yellow anthers. The crop ripens quickly over just a few days. There may be 1 more or less round, or 2 to 3 hemispherical, hard, light-tan or greenish-gray seeds to 1/2 in (1.25 cm) wide and half as thick. Its slow growth and low rate of dispersal make it rare, and it is generally considered as an endangered species. The grumichama is subtropical, surviving temperatures of 26º F (-3.33º C) in Brazil. , The inner flesh of the fruit is white yellowish in appearance, it's mostly used for fresh eating but can also be used in making jams, jellies and pies. GRUMICHAMA (Eugenia brasilensis) A tree of grumichama . Eugenia brasiliensis, with common names Brazil cherry and grumichama, or the Brazilian cherry is medium-sized tree (maximum 20 meters height) endemic (native) to southern Brazil which bears small fruits that are purple to black in color, and have a sweet cherry to plum-like flavor. , "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Grumichama Black Tree - Eugenia brasiliensis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grumichama&oldid=935586083, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2020, at 13:52. The plants have beautiful glossy dark green leaves and rough corky textured bark. The United States Department of Agriculture received seeds from Mauritius in 1911 (S.P.I. An attempt to grow it in the Philippines in the early 1920's did not meet with success. It is better suited to Palm Beach than to southern Florida. The leaf or bark infusion1/3 oz (10 g) of plant material in 10 1/2 oz (300 g) water-is aromatic, astringent, diuretic and taken as a treatment for rheumatism at the rate of 2 to 4 cups daily, in Brazil. The grumichama is of slow growth when young unless raised in a mixture of peat moss and sand and then given a thick layer of peat moss around the roots when setting out, and kept heavily fertilized. The highly ornamental tree is slender, erect, usually to 25 or 35 ft (7.5-10.5 m) high, short-trunked and heavily foliaged with opposite, oblong-oval leaves 3 1/2 to 5 in (9-16 cm) long, 2 3/8 in (5-6 cm) wide, with recurved margin; glossy, thick, leathery, and minutely pitted on both surfaces. The grumichama is subtropical, surviving temperatures of 26º F (-3.33º C) in Brazil. The long-stalked fruit is oblate, 1/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) wide; turns from green to bright-red and finally dark-purple to nearly black as it ripens, and bears the persistent, purple- or red-tinted sepals, to 1/2 in (1.25 cm) long, at its apex. Sturrock says it grows well in rich clay in Cuba but is adversely affected by the long, dry season. The grumichama does better on acid sand in Central Florida than it does on limestone in the south. , It's a small size tree which makes it perfect to use in urban landscaping. In Hawaii, it has taken 7 years to reach 7 ft. Fruiting begins when the plants are 4 to 5 years old. The United States Department of Agriculture raised seedlings at Puerto Arturo, Honduras, and transferred some plants to the Lancetilla Experimental Garden at Tela in 1926. They are most often eaten fresh and used in jelly. in Brazil becomes a large tree to 65 ft (20 m) high and has fruits with white flesh. In Hawaii, the trees bloom and fruit from July to December, with the main crop in the fall.